HUBUNGAN ANTARA OPTIMISME DAN SELF-ESTEEM PADA MAHASISWA PROGRAM DIPLOMA III KEBIDANAN

  • Asiah Musthofawi Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

Abstract

This research was conducted to investigate the correlation between optimism and self-esteem in midwifery college students, diploma III program. Sample from this study are midwifery college students, diploma III program who are in the region DKI Jakarta, West Java, Banten and West Sumatera. Overall, 571 midwefery student was participated in this research by filling out the questionnaire optimism and self-esteem. Optimism was measured by Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R) constructed by Scheier, Carver dan Bridges (1994), while self-esteem was measured by Rosenberg’s Self-esteem Scale (RSE) constructed by Rosenberg (1965). The result show that there is a significant positive relationship between optimism and self-esteem (r = 0.378, p = 0.000). Implication of this study is, the result can be considered in designing an intervention program, in order to increase candidates midwife’s internal quality in Indonesia.

References

Anastasi, A. & Urbina, S., 1997. Psychological Testing. New Jersey: Pretince Hall, Inc.
Bastianello, M. R., Pacico, J. C., & Hutz, C. S., 2014. Optimism, self-esteem and personality: adaptation and validation of the brazilian version of the revised life orientation test (lot-r). Journam of Psico-USF, Bragança Paulista, vol. 19, no. 3, p. 523-531. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1413-82712014019003014
Campbell, J. D., Chew, B., & Scratchley, L. S., 1991. Cognitive and emotional reactions to daily events: the effects of self-esteem and self complexity. Journal of Personality, 59, 473-505.
Carver, C. S., Scheier, M. F., Segerstrom, S. C., 2010. Optimism. Clinical psychology review, 30, 879-889. doi: 10.1016/j.cpr.2010.01.006.
Chang, E. C., 1996. Cultural differences in optimism, pessimism, and coping: Predictors of subsequent adjustment in Asian American and Caucasian American college students. Jounal of Counseling PsychologyI, vol. 43, No. 1, 113-123. doi: 10.1037/0022-0167.43.1.113.
Chen, W., Niu, G-F., Zhang, D-J., Fan, C-Y., Tian, Y., & Zhou, Z-K., 2016. Socioeconomic status and life satisfaction in chinese adolescents: Analysis of self-esteem as a mediator and optimism as a moderator. Personality and Individual Differences, 95, 105-109. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2016.01.036.
Diener, Ed., & Diener, M., 1995. Cross-cultural correlates of life satisfaction and self-esteem. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 68, No. 4, 653-663. Available at: http://search.proquest.com/docview/614313850/fulltextPDF/BF273A316FA41A5PQ/1?accountid=17242
Frey, D. & Carlock, C. J., 1987. Enchancing Self-esteem. United States of America: Accelerated Development, Inc.
Galanou, C., Galanakis, M., Alexopoulos, E., & Darviri, C., 2014. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale Greek Validation on Student Sample. Psychology, 5, 819-827. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/psych.2014.58093
Gillham, J. E., Shatte, A. J., Reivich, K. J., & Seligman, M. E. P., 2001. Optimism, pessimism, and explanatory styles. In Chang, E.C (Ed), Handbook of optimism & pessimism: Implication for theory, research, and practice (pp. 53-75). Washington, DC, US: Edited Book.
Gravetter, F. J., & Forzano, L-A. B., 2012. Research methods for the behavioral sciences. Canada: Graphic World Inc.
Guindon, M. H., 2010. Self-esteem: across the lifespan. New York: Taylor and Francis Group.
Halimah, D. N., 2015. Hubungan antara optimisme dan orientasi religius pada mahasiswa. Skripsi. Depok: Universitas Indonesia.
Heinonen K., Raikkonen K., & Keltikangas-Jarvinen L., 2005. Self-esteem in early and late adolescence predicts dispositional optimism-pessimism in adulthood: A 21-year longitudinal study. Personality and Individual Differences, 39, 511-521. doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2005.01.026.
Hutahaean, B. S. H. , 2012. Pelatihan untuk peningkatan self-esteem pada mahasiswa universitas Indonesia yang mengalami distress psikologis. Skripsi. Depok: Universitas Indonesia. Available at: http://lib.ui.ac.id/file?file=digital/20306074-T30962%20-%20Pelatihan%20untuk.pdf
Ikatan Bidan Indonesia, & Assosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kebidanan Indonesia, 2012. Draf Sistem Pendidikan Kebidanan. Jakarta, Indonesia: Author.
Isma, M. N. P., 2013. Hubungan optimisme dan subjective well-being pada pasien yang sedang menjalani program rehabilitasi medik. Skripsi. Depok: Universitas Indonesia. Available at: http://lib.ui.ac.id/file?file=digital/20347991-S45916%20Mentari%20Namira%20Pertiwi%20Isma.pdf
Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, 2007. Standar Profesi Bidan. Jakarta, Indonesia: Author.
Kumar, R., 1999. Research methodology: Step-by-step guide for beginners (3th ed). California: Sage Publication, Inc
Maltby, J., Lewis, C. A., & Day, L., 1999. Religious orientation and psychological well-being: The role of the frequency of personal prayer. British Jounal of Health Psychology 4, 363-378.
Mruk, C. J., 2013. Self-esteem and positive psychology (4th Ed). New York: Springer Publishing Company.
Majalahbidan.com., 2012, Indonesia akan mengalami surplus bidan pada 2015. Majalah bidan.com 20 Februari. Available from: [16 Maret 2016]
Majalahbidan.com., 2015, Inilah 7 fakta bidan Indonesia. Majalahbidan.com 28 Desember. Available from: [16 Maret 2016]
Majalahbidan.com., 2015, UNICEF: 62 persen perempuan Indonesia melahirkan dengan bantuan lain. Majalahbidan.com 26 Oktober. Available from: [16 Maret 2016]
Nunally, J. C., & Bernstein, I. H., 1994. Psychometric theory (3th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Orth, U., Maes, J., & Schmitt, M., 2015. Self-esteem development across life span: A longitudinal study with a large sample from Germany. Developmental Psychology, vol 51, No. 2, 248-259. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0038481
Patel, S. G., Salahuddin, N. M., O’Brien, K. M. (2008). Career Decision-Making self-efficacy of Vietnamese adolescents. Journal of Career Development, Vol. 34, No. 3, 218-240. doi: 10.1177/0894845307308488
Pramudiarja, AN. U., 2012, Indonesia Akan Mengalami Surplus Bidan Pada 2015, health.detik.com 12 Februari. Available from [16 Maret 2016]
Riset Kesehatan Dasar, 2010. Laporan Nasional Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Rikesdas) Tahun 2010. Jakarta, Indonesia: Author.
Robins, R. W., Hendin, H. M., & Trzesniewski, K. H., 2001. Measuring global self-esteem: Construct validation of a single-item measure and the Rosenberg self-esteem scale. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, vol. 27, No. 2, 151-161. doi: 10.1177/0146167201272002
Sari, A. , 2015. Hubungan antara optimisme dan motivasi berprestasi pada mahasiswa penerima beasiswa bidikmisi di universitas Indonesia. Skripsi. Depok: Universitas Indonesia. Available at: http://lib.ui.ac.id/file?file=digital/2016-2/20412409-S60015-Adilla%20Sari.pdf
Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S., 1992. Effects of optimism on psychological and physical well-being: theoretical overview and empirical update. Cognitive Terapy and Researcch 16, 2, 201-228.
Scheier, M. F., & Carver, C. S., 1993. On the power of positive thinking: the benefits of being optimistic. Current Directions in Psychological Science 2(1), 26-30.
Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., Bridges, M. W., 1994. Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A reevaluation of the life orientation test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 1063-1078. doi: 10.1037//0022-3514.67.6.1063.
Seligman, M. E. P., 2006. Learned optimism: How to change your mind and your life [E-book]. Available at: https://duniahartanto.files.wordpress.com/2014/10/ebooksclub-org__learned_optimism__how_to_change_your_mind_and_your_life.pdf
Surat Edaran Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi No. 1643, 2011. Moratorium Program-Program Studi Bidang Kesehatan. Jakarta, Indonesia: Djoko Santoso.
Tsai, J. L., Ying, Y-W., & Lee, P. A., 2001. Cultural predictors of self-esteem: A study of chinese American female and male young adults. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, vol. 7, No. 3, 284-297. doi: 10.1037//1099-9809.7.3.284
Unicef Indonesia, 2012, Ringkasan kajian kesehatan ibu dan anak. Available from: [20 Maret 2016]
Watson, P. J., Ghorbani, N., Davison, H. K., Hood Jr., R. W., & Ghramaleki, A. F., 2002. RESEARCH: Negatively reinforcing personal extrinsic motivation: Religious orientation, Inner Awareness, and mental health in Iran and United States. The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 12:4, 255-276.
Wei, M., Chao, R. C-L., Yeh, C. J., Carrera, S., & Su, J. C., 2013. Family support, self-esteem, and perceived racial discrimination among Asian American male college students.. Jounal of Counseling Psychology, vol. 60, No. 3, 453-461. doi: 10.1037/a0032344
Yalcin, I., 2011. Social support and optimism as predictors of life statisfaction of college students. International Journal Adv. Counselling, 33, 79-87. doi: 10.1007/s10447-011-9113-9
Published
2019-04-10